Solute: disolved particles in a solution
Solvent: what the compound is solving.
In aqueous solvations, the solvent is always water.
The Solution Process: the formation of a solution from a solute is a physical process. Both the solute and the solvent can be recovered using the proper separation methods. With homogenous aqueous solutions it’s harder separate or even to distinguish the elements but it is possible. In a solution, the solvent dissolves the solute, and the solute disperses in solvent.