Chemistry: Homogenous Aqueous Solution

Today in chemistry I learned a lot of vocabulary and about the sokution process.

An aqueous solution is water that contains dissolved substances.

In a solution, the dissolving medium is the solvent. The dissolved particles in a solution are the solute. A solvent dissolves the solute, and the solute becomes dispersed in the solvent. Solvents and solutes may be gases, liquids, or solids.

Water molecules are in continuous motion because they have kinetic energy. When a crystal of sodium chloride is placed in water, the water molecules collide with the crystal.The polar solvent molecules (H2O) attract the solute ions (Na+, Cl−). As individual solute ions break away from the crystal, the negatively and positively charged ions become surrounded by solvent molecules and the ionic crystal dissolves The process by which the positive and negative ions of an ionic solid become surrounded by solvent molecules is called solvation.

Basically the solution process is when one substance dissolves in another, the particles of the solute disperse uniformly throughout the solvent.

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